New research links oral hygiene with better type 2 diabetes management

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New research has linked improved oral hygiene with better type 2 diabetes management. Researchers from the Dental Hospital at the University of Barcelona have discovered that people who look after their teeth are more likely to be able to manage type 2 diabetes.

The connection between gum disease and type 2 diabetes is well-documented, but this study analysed the link between non-surgical treatment and HbA1c levels. The research team evaluated the impact of non-invasive treatments, such as scale and polish therapies, root planing and simple oral hygiene advice, on HbA1c levels. Ninety people were involved in the study and all the participants had previously been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.

The participants had a dental check and their HbA1c levels were tested at the start of the trial and then again after 3 and 6 months.

The research team found that improving oral hygiene lead to a “better glycaemic status” and suggested that patients were more aware of the impact of dental health on diabetes.

Miquel Vinas, study author, said that the study shows that the relationship between periodontal disease and type 2 diabetes works in both directions and people who have diabetes can reduce their risk of symptoms by maintaining good oral hygiene.

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